2007
41
4
0
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طراحی سیستم کنترل ABS با در نظر گرفتن کنترل حرکت کناری به روش ترکیبی PID و SMC
2
2
Control Systems such as Anti Lock Brake Systems (ABS) and Traction Control Systems (TCS) are vastly used in most vehicles as to enhance the safety of the systems. These systems have many virtues on controlling the dynamics of vehicles, but they only control the longitudinal dynamics of the vehicle directly and the lateral dynamics of vehicle is not controlled because they do not receive any feedback from the lateral dynamics parameters. Therefore they cannot recognize the critical situations. In the preceding essay, by implementing the rotational velocity sensors and lateral accelerometers in addition to the ABS sensors, a developed control system is designed in which lateral motion is controlled in addition to the longitudinal motion. In order to derive the control laws and measuring system's indefinite parameters, a 7DOF model was used. The designed control system has two layers, which the upper layer is based on PID and the lower layer was designed upon the Sliding Mode Control (SMC). For measuring parameters, the least square with exponential forgetting was used. In order to verify the control system a 14DOF model with a nonlinear tire model was used.
1

499
510


Reza
Kazemi
Iran


Seyyed Esma'eel
Mahmoudi Larimi
Iran
Vehicle
Anti Lock Brake System (ABS)
Sliding Mode Control (SMC)
Least Squares with Exponential Forgetting
بررسی فرایند نورد متقارن ورق های سه لایه با استفاده از تابع جریان و تئوری حد بالا
2
2
In this paper, a mathematical model for symmetrical multilayer sheet rolling, in which the layers are unbounded before rolling, by using the upper bound method and stream function theorem is proposed. Using this model, we can investigate the plastic deformation behavior of sheets at the roll gap during rolling. Effect of various rolling conditions such as initial and final thickness and flow stress of sheets, friction factors, rolling velocity and etc. on the rolling power and force, the thickness reduction of each layer, the relative length of plastic region in each layer and etc. are discussed. The velocity field derived from the newly proposed stream function can automatically satisfy the volume constancy and velocity boundary conditions within the roll gap. The optimized velocity fields are obtained through the minimization of total power, which is expressed by the function of five pseudoindependent parameters, during the plastic deformation. The analytical predictions from the proposed model were compared with the analytical and experimental results of other investigators and a good agreement is shown. Present model is applicable for simulating and online control applications of the rolling process of multilayer sheets.
1

485
497


Ahmad
Assempour
Iran


Sa'eed
As'adi
Iran
Multi
Layer Sheets
Symmetrical rolling
Upper Bound Method
Stream Function Theorem
تحلیل انتقال حرارت مزدوج در ناحیه طول ورودی
2
2
In this paper conjugated heat transfer in thermal entrance region through the sinusoidal wavy channel has been investigated. The fluid flow is assumed to be laminar, steady state, incompressible, and hydrodynamically fully developed. A constant heat flux is assumed to be applied on the outer edge of the channel wall. In this study the governing equations including continuity, momentum and energy are solved numerically by a finite volume method (SIMPLE). The flow field for different Reynolds numbers has been obtained using this flow field, pressure loss and skin friction coefficient have been calculated. Also temperature field in both solid and fluid for wide range of effective parameters in conjugated heat transfer such as Peclet number, solidfluid conductivity ratio and solid thicknesses have been investigated. From the obtained numerical results for thermal field effects of conjugated heat transfer characteristics on fluid mean bulk temperature, solidfluid interface temperature, solidfluid interface heat flux and Nusselt number have been calculated. The obtained results have been compared with available numerical and experimental data and a good agreement is achieved.
1

473
483


Hossein
Shokouhmand
Iran


Javad
Rostami
Iran
Conjugated Heat Transfer
Wavy channel
Finite Volume Method
Thermal Entrance Region
تاثیر ارتفاع در فرایند جدایش غیردائم موشکهای چند مرحلهای
2
2
Effect of altitude is discussed in the unsteady separation of multi stage rockets. Axisymmetric, unsteady and turbulent Navier stokes equations are solved numerically. The governing equations are split into a hyperbolic inviscid part and a parabolic diffusion part. The hyperbolic part is solved by an explicit secondorder time and space of Godunovtype scheme. Moving mesh and moving boundary algorithm are used in the numerical simulation. Separation of missile staging is simulated at 10, 20, 30 and 40 kilometers altitudes, and 10 Mach number. The flow physics of injection of a secondary supersonic jet into a hypersonic turbulent primary core over a missile configuration is studied numerically. The injection occurs opposite to the freestream direction. It is shown that the intense interactions between the jet flow and the main freestream have a noticeable effect on the aerodynamic loads. High momentum of the jet injected to the main flow of rocket causes interaction of shock waves and consequently it changes flow pattern. The aerodynamic forces can be changed significantly by the intense jet flow interactions. The results show that drag forces of head and body of the rocket are irregularly periodical. Amplitude of drag force has been increased by altitude. At primary time of separation, rate of displacement of head and body has incredible behavior in various altitudes too.
1

379
389


Hossein
Ahmadi Kia
Iran


Ahmad Reza
Pishevar
Iran
Rocket
Multi Stage
hypersonic
TVD scheme
آنالیزتنشهای مکانیکی و حرارتی در اسپیندل ماشینهای تراش
2
2
Dimensional accuracy in machined parts depends on the precision of spindle, which is highly affected by applied forces, itself. This precision of spindle becomes more serious when it is used for a period of long times. Therefore, stress and strain analysis of spindle is very important in the behavior and preservation of its precision. In this paper, the forces applied to the spindle of a turning machine are calculated and analyzed. Afterwards, the spindle is simulated with MSC Visual Nastran software and analyzed due to the application of boundary conditions. According to the spindle’s stress and strain, the modal analysis has been done and the natural frequencies of the spindle are determined. The results show that, the front bearing of the spindle is the critical section and its stress and strain will be increased with feed and depth of cut. When these feed rates and depths of cut become less, the created stresses at the least speed of spindle are more in comparison with the other speeds.
1

525
533


Ramezanali
Mahdavi Nejad
Iran


Mohammad
Gholami Nejad Saniabadi
Iran
Spindle
Turning machine
Stress
Strain
تعیین نوع و زمانبندی بهینه نگهداری و تعمیرات پیشگیرانه سیستمهای چندجزیی بر اساس قابلیت اطمینان
2
2
In this research, a model for optimal PM planning based on reliability is developed and solved for multicomponent systems. In the proposed model, the type of PM actions for each inspection period is determined in such manner that the total weighted related costs are minimized while a minimum required system reliability is maintained. The planning horizon is divided into some inspections intervals of equal size. In the beginning of each interval, with respect to the system constraints, one of the following PM actions is suggested for each component: 1) inspection and minimal service, 2) preventive repair and 3) preventive replacement. Each of these activities consumes different resources and has different effect on the system reliability. The PM costs include, repair cost, replacement cost, system downtime cost, and random failure cost. In the optimal PM schedule, the PM actions are determined so that a minimum required reliability is obtained with minimum total PM cost. Since the proposed model has a complex structure, Tabu Search and Simulated Annealing are employed to provide quick solutions. The efficiency of these techniques has been demonstrated by solving a PM scheduling problem for a system with 14 components.
1

511
523


Farhad
Kolahan
Iran


Mohammad
Doustparast
Iran


Mojtaba
Mamourian
Iran
Reliability
Preventive Maintenance
Optimization
Tabu Search
simulated annealing
مقایسه نتایج حل ترموالاستیک نیمفضا میان
2
2
In this paper, transfinite element method is used to analyze the two dimensional thermoelasticity problems. A comparison is made between the thermoelastic analysis results of the classical theory and theories with one or two relaxation times (i.e. LS and GL theories), for the half space problem. Governing equations are transformed to Laplace domain and then, node variables are calculated by the finite element method. Results are transformed to physical domain by the Laplace inverse transform. Finally, results of the three theories are compared and discussed. The obtained results reveal that the tensional stresses predicted by the classical theory for points located before the stress wavefront are higher whereas the compressive stresses predicted by LS and GL theories are higher for points located after the stress wavefront. Furthermore, the temperature predicted by the modern theories is higher than that of by the classical theory at the wavefornt.
1

443
450


Mohammad
Shariyat
Iran


Ali Reza
Askari
Iran
Transfinite Element
Relaxation Time
Them elasticity
Thermal Stresses
اثر مکش بر توزیع فشار یک نیم مدل
2
2
1

431
442


Mohammad Reza
Soltani
Iran


Ali
Pouli Baba'ee Mamghani
Iran
Half model
Wind tunnel
Pressure distribution
boundary layer – Suction
Wake
استفاده از POD در استخراج ساختارهای متجانس یک میدان آشفته آماری همگن
2
2
Capability of the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) method in extraction of the coherent structures from a spatiotemporal chaotic field is assessed in this paper. As the chaotic field, an ensemble of 40 snapshots, obtained from Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) of the KuramotoSivashinsky (KS) equation, has been used. Contrary to the usual methods, where the ergodicity of the field is needed, the ensemble members are generated directly by disturbing the initial conditions in a random fashion. The POD eigenvalues and eigenmodes are extracted, using the POD/SVD technique and an ensemble averaging process is performed on the resulting modes, which are used in reconstruction of the field. The resulted mean field is compared with the Fourier mean field as well as the original (instantaneous) field. The results strictly have shown presence of noncoherent parts in the POD reconstructed field, which can be interpreted as the POD weakness in the filtering of the random part of the field. On the other hand, the ensemble averaged POD modes had obvious superiority, in comparison with the mean Fourier modes, in tracing of the mean behavior of the field and the mean temporal gradients. As a consequence, use of the ensemble averaging in the POD modes can be suggested, at least in some spatiotemporal the fields with dominant coherent structures.
1

401
413


Fereydoun
Sabet Ghadam
Iran


Vahid
Esfahanian
Iran


Mohammad
Eftekhari Yazdi
Iran
Coherent structures
Spatio
temporal chaos
Singular value decomposition
Galerkin method
Proper orthogonal decomposition
Ensemble averaging
مدلی تحلیلی برای پیش بینی عمر خستگی لوله حفاری
2
2
1

415
430


Gholamreza
Rashed
Iran


Rahmatollah
Ghajar
Iran


Seyyed
Jalaleddin Hashemi
Iran
Drill pipe
Critical plane model
API approach
Damage parameter
Fatigue
Dog leg
مقایسه ضریب موضعی انتقال حرارت جابجایی آزاد از استوانههای افقی در ردیفهای عمودی و مایل
2
2
An experimental and numerical study of free convection heat transfer from a channel consisting of a vertical sinusoidal wavy surface and a vertical flat plate has been carried out. The vertical wavy surface was maintained at a constant temperature, while the flat plate is adiabatic. A MachZehnder Interferometer was used to determine the local heat transfer coefficients of sinusoidal wavy surface. FLUENT code was used for numerical simulation. The numerical results are in good agreement with experimental data. The amplitudewavelength ratio, , in this investigation is kept constant at .The effects of Rayleigh number and wall spacing are investigated as well. Experiments were carried out for eight different Rayleigh numbers and thirteen different wall spacing. Results indicate that the frequency of the local heat transfer rate is the same as that of the wavy surface. The average heat transfer coefficient increases as the Rayleigh number, increases. For each Rayleigh number there is an optimum wall spacing where the heat transfer rate from the wavy sinusoidal surface reaches its maximum value. This optimum wall spacing depends on Rayleigh number and decreases with increasing Rayleigh number.
1

391
399


Mehdi
Ashja'ee
Iran


Touraj
Yousefi
Iran


Hossein
Shokouhmand
Iran
Natural Convection – Interferometry
Wavy channel
شبیه سازی سه بعدی فرایند اکستروژن مستقیم خارج از مرکز با روش اجزاء محدود و مقایسه با نتایج تجربی
2
2
In this paper the eccentric forward extrusion of sections has been simulated and analyzed using FEM Abaqusexplicit. The results have been compared to those obtained from upper bound theorem and experimental works. Close agreements was observed between the FEM and experimental work and as compared with the upper bound data more realistic and better predictions were made by the authors’ method. The sections considered in this work were circular and square shaped cross sections. Process parameters such as die length, friction factor and percentage of eccentricity have been investigated and their influence on the relative extrusion pressure and the curvature of the extruded profiles has been illustrated. The effect of die profile has also been studied and shown that a 10 percent reduction in the extrusion pressure could be achieved by using the optimum die profile.
1

369
377


Caren
Abrinia
Iran


Jalal
Pour Hosseini Baboddashti
Iran
Extrusion
Eccentric section
Finite Element
Simulation
Bilinear Profile Die
Advanced Profile Die
نقش برخی از پارامترهای مؤثر بر روی واکنش به ضربه صفحات کامپوزیتی هیبریدی هوشمند
2
2
In this paper, the response of hybrid composite laminate plate reinforced by the smart wires (shape memory or the SMA wires) subjected to low velocity impact is studied. The smart wires are embedded within the layers of the composite laminate. The effect of the smart wires on contact force history, and deflection of these structures is investigated. The firstorder shear deformation theory as well as the Fourier series method is used to solve the governing equations of the composite plate analytically. The interaction between the impactor and the plate is modeled with the help of two degreeoffreedom system, consisting of springsmasses. The results obtained from this research were compared with some of the published papers and the accuracy of the present model is validated. The results indicated that some of the parameters like the orientation and the through thickness location of the smart wires will reduce the deflection of the structure, hence would increase the impact resistance, and the damage tolerance limit of the structure.
1

459
471


Ali
Shokouhfar
Iran


Seyyed Mohammad Reza
Khalili
Iran


Faramarz
Ashnaye Ghasemi
Iran
Impact
Composite
Smart wires
Orientation
Deflection
Damage Tolerance Limit
Springs
Masses Model
مدل سازی رفتار خستگی کامپوزیت های تک جهته کربن/اپوکسی
2
2
1

451
457


Mahmoud Mehrdad
Shokrieh
Iran


Fathollah
Taheri Behrouz
Iran
Polymer composites
Fatigue modeling
Energy method
Unidirectional