ارائة مدل اولویتبندی علتگرا جهت تعیین قطعات خطرناک جادهها برای عابرین پیاده
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Mahmoud Saffarzadeh,Vahid Abolhassan Nejad,Amin Mirza Boroujerdian
,,
457
Accident,High Accident Prone Segments,Accident Cause,Multi Attribute Decision Making
One of the most important and effective factors in prioritizing high accident prone segments of roads for pedestrians is accident cause which up to now has been neglected in current methods. Since accidents are not additives due to various reasons, prioritizing these segments without considering the accident cause makes the selection of high accident prone segments inaccurate. In this paper, by introducing the "Cause prioritizing model", a new model was developed in order to rank high accident prone segments for pedestrians with regard to accident cause in rural roads. In this method, by taking the accident frequency, accident severity and accident cause parameters are accounted and using one of the Multi Attribute Decision Making methods, the mentioned segments are prioritized. Using the model developed in this research will increase the accuracy and utility of high accident prone segments prioritizing process for pedestrians to a great extent.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_197_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_197_3959e72b73e4efcb3e61aedad1a2a3f6.html
جواب معادله پواسون غیر خطی با شرایط مرزی مخلوط به روش اجزاء محدود
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Ghoamreza Shahriar Heshmati,Bahman Mehri
,
385
Poisson Equation,Finite Element Method,Galerkin method,Gauss Method
In this paper a method is presented in details to solve a nonlinear partial differential equation which has many applications in engineering fields. The boundary condition is mixed to be able to define the value of function on its variation on the boundary. Examples are given to demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the method.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_198_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_198_1ca65212cf3b0ec0034bf1dbe517bb30.html
بهینه سازی قابهای فولادی با استفاده از الگوریتم وراثتی اصلاح شده هوشمند
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Mohammad Reza Ghasemi,Akbar Azadi
,
465
Optimization,Spectral Response,Modified Genetic Algorithms,Selection,Mutation,Selective Oriented Method
One of the major purposes of optimization in civil engineering is to perform a suitable design for the structure. This goal has to fulfill technical criteria and contain the minimum economical costs. Building frames are of the most customary civil engineering structures. Therefore, optimization of these types of structures could be of a great concern from the economical viewpoints. One of the current obstacles in such optimization problems is the local convergence debility. Thus, using means of tackling this problem seems necessary. Genetic Algorithm which is one of the optimization methods inspired by nature, has overcome this problem. In order to solve such problems, genetic algorithm needs a multiple analyses of structures. Therefore, in this study attempts were made to introduce and embed new formulae into a newly developed program to handle new techniques for selection and mutation as genetic operations. As for the aspects of application, the introduced techniques were inspected and investigated in the optimization of some planar and special braced steel frames. The outcome through comparisons proclaimed a considerable decrease in numbers of analyses as well as significant increases in the speed of convergence.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_199_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_199_30a555a942b655491694d7dc65a203dc.html
بهینه سازی سازه های فضاکار بادرنظرگرفتن احتمال خرابی اعضاء و گره ها به کمک الگوریتم وراثتی اصلاح شده
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Mohammad Reza Ghasemi,Mohammad Reza Mostakhdemin Hosseini
,
477
Failure Probability,Reliability,Based Optimization,Genetic Algorithms,Space structures
Due to the probabilistic nature and uncertainties of structural parameters, reliability-based optimization will enable engineers to account for the safety of the structures and allow for its decision making applicability. Thus, reliability-based design will substitute deterministic rules of codes of practice. Space structures are of those types that have an exceedingly high range of applicability aspects in civil engineering. Therefore optimization of such structures with great and considerable number of members will be economically wise. For this purpose, the optimization process could be carried out using various mathematical models. One such model is to minimize weight while considering elements failure probability as constraints. Another form is to minimize weight and then regarding the whole structure system reliability as constraint. The third type could be to minimize failure probability as well as its weight, while taking into account the structural system reliability as the constraint. In this research each of the above forms were studied and the results were compared. Also, apart from reliability considerations for the members, the reliability of nodes was also taken into account. Node failure means that node displacement in at least one direction exceeds that of the allowable value. As well the effect of various stochastic parameters such as load, yield stress, modulus of elasticity and cross section were studied. The stochastic parameters discussed in this study are statistically independent and possess standardized normal distribution. To avoid local convergence during the process of optimization, Genetic Algorithms is used as means of optimization. This study show that with increasing the members or system admissible failure probability, optimum weight of structure increases, but with increasing the coefficient of variation of load or yield stress, optimum weight increases.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_200_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_200_2d8f38c399e895a28dd92c69284ccadd.html
بررسی اثر پارامترهای خاص گسلش و موقعیت مکانی ساختگاه بر مشخصات پالس حوزه نزدیک گسل
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Mohammad Reza Ghaemmaghamian,Behnam Khalili
,
487
Near Fault Pulse,Fault Asperity,Slip Rate,Ground Motion Simulation
The characteristics of near-fault ground motion are investigated considering heterogeneous slip distribution on the fault plane. Areas on the fault plane with large slip in compare with the average slip on the fault are known as asperity. The characteristics of strong ground motions in near-fault area are strongly affected by faulting parameters such as asperity location, maximum slip of asperity, rise time and rupture velocity on the fault plane. Based on theoretical Green’s function for infinite media, the near-fault pulse is simulated for finite fault model with different faulting specifications. Then, the variations of each fault parameter and site to fault distance on near-fault pulse characteristics are numerically examined and discussed.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_201_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_201_9042a730c835bfc6162463b74bd9324f.html
درکنش سد و مخزن در دامنه زمان به وسیله روش انتگرال حلقوی منفرد مجزا (DSC)
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Kianoush Karimi,Reza Attarnejad
,
497
Dam,Reservoir interaction,Time Domain Analysis,Discrete Singular Convolution
In this paper, time-domain dynamic analysis of dam - infinite reservoir is studied. A numerical method, discrete singular convolution (DSC), which seems to be efficient and simple, has been used to model the mixed boundary conditions. After a brief introduction, DSC is applied to model the equation of motion of fluid-structure with constant cross section subjected to El-Centro (1940) earthquake. To show the accuracy and reliability of DSC method, the results have been compared with the Lee & Tsai method as a benchmark. The results show the competency of the proposed method to model Dam-Reservoir systems.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_202_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_202_02128ce8a1b0873cc0fb1c795c8f2057.html
معرفی ستون جدار نازک توخالی ساخته شده از ورقهای فولادی موجدار و بررسی رفتار لرزهای آن
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Seyyed Rasoul Mirghaderi,Seyyed Mohammad Saeed Sobhan
,
509
Thin,Walled Steel Column,Corrugated Steel Plates,Buckling Strength,Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis
Thin-walled hollow steel columns, either circular or box shaped, are commonly used as piers in bridges. Recent earthquakes, e.g. Hyogoken-Nanbu or Kobe 1995, on the other hand have shown that these columns are vulnerable to damage when subjected to earthquake loading. This paper presents a new innovative thin-walled hollow steel column fabricated of corrugated plates, “thin-walled steel columns with corrugated section”, primarily to be used as piers in bridges and other structures as an alternative to circular or box thin-walled steel columns. Compared with the traditional steel columns, this new innovative thin-walled steel column might improve buckling behavior under combined axial and flexural loading, caused by earthquake excitations. For investigating the seismic performance of this new innovative thin-walled steel column and comparison of it with traditional thin-walled steel column, a series of parametric 3D-finite element analyses have been executed. The analyses results have shown that thin-walled steel columns with corrugated section can undergo large plastic deformations without significant, strength reduction, hence dissipate energy under cyclic loading.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_203_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_203_257fcee2c431fbb673556bf70d6069db.html
بررسی آزمایشگاهی و صحرایی تثبیت خطوط لوله مدفون در زمین های اشباع
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Mohsen Najimi Varzaneh,Hossein Rajaie
,
523
Buried Pipeline,Uplift,Geo,textile,Pipe
Large deformation causing damage due to uplift force is generated in buried pipeline located in shallow trenches in marshes and saturated soils. In this paper, existing common methods of pipeline anchorage are discussed and considering advantages and disadvantages of these methods, a new method of pipeline anchorage are studied and presented. In this new developed method, geo-textile materials are used for anchorage of large diameter pipeline. Laboratory and field experimental study are developed and effective parameters are deliberated considering load–displacement curves. Finally, a field study on a 30" diameter gas pipe is performed to admit the laboratory tests. Considering the laboratory and field study results, the anchorage of pipeline using geo-textile is recommended for anchorage of buried pipeline in marshes and saturated soils.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_204_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_204_6d5a09c6c2b7a93e8c53afe17fc82cee.html
روشی بهینه برای تحلیل دینامیکی سد قوسی ـ سنگ پی با ترکیب اجزای محدود و المانهای مرزی
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Ahmad Aftabi Sani,Vahid Lotfi
,
391
Arch Dam,Dam,Foundation Interaction,Boundary Element Method,Frequency Domain Analysis
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_205_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_205_cd681a83a10b6012f9e0dc920c8e8c93.html
طراحی شکل سدهای بتنی قوسی با استفاده از اسپیلاینهای هرمیتی
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Jalal Akbari,Mohammad Taghi Ahmadi,Peter Yanpan
,,
407
Concrete Arch Dams,Dam Shape,Hermit Spline,Finite Element Analysis
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_206_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_206_a10e4f331f13571ec11d193903abe5a9.html
روابط جدید زمان چرخه بهینه برای تقاطعهای پیشزمانبندی شده مستقل با تغییر رابطه وبستر براساس روش HCM 2000
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Ali Babaee Zadeh,Hashem Mehrazin
,
419
HCM2000,Signalized Intersection,Phasing,Optimum Cycle Length,Webster’s Equation
When the degree of saturation at intersection approaches one, Webster’s optimum cycle length equation becomes inapplicable, because the cycle length will becomes very big when the degree of saturation approaches one and will be fully unrealistic when the degree of saturation becomes greater than one. This is not a problem for HCM2000 method. But optimum cycle length calculation in this method has not specific equation and based on try and error to minimize delay time. Also this method requires many input parameters that made it expensive. In this paper new modified Webster’s optimum cycle length equations for some specific situation of geometric and phasing based on HCM2000 method have been presented that have not described problem. The purpose of this paper is ability to use of “total lost time within the cycle (L)” and “the sum of critical phase flow ratios (Y)” parameters and creation new minimum cycle length equation based on HCM2000 method. Regarding to this fact that intersection geometry and phasing is related to the optimum cycle length, four situations of intersection have been considered. After this stage the following step by step procedure was used:
- having low traffic volume and low “L”
- using “HICAP2000” software to calculate optimum cycle length
- also using Webster’s equation to calculate optimum cycle length
- increasing traffic volume and repeating the above steps
- the above steps continue until degree of saturation at intersection approaches one
- increasing “L” and repeating above steps
- with renewed increased “L” and repeating above steps we have optimum cycle length for many of “L” and traffic volume at specific intersection
After this method we used “SPSS” software to modeling new relationship between “L” and “Y” and finally new equations are presented for four situations of intersection. This method can be expanded for other geometry and phasing intersections.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_207_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_207_52a0fb2b123f4848decf275c4b1dac40.html
کاربرد مدلسازی عددی سهبعدی در شبیهسازی پدیدههای پیچیده مهندسی رودخانه
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Ahmad Shakibaee Nia,Amir Reza Zarrati,Mohammad Reza Majd Zadeh Tabatabaee
,,
443
3D Numerical Modeling,River Engineering,Sediment Transport,Complex Geometry
Most of river engineering problems are complicated and need to be analyzed by three dimensional models of flow and sediment transport. Considering the fact that computers and numerical methods with great ability of flow and sediment transport simulation are developing quickly, using numerical modeling by engineers is inevitable. Nevertheless, before application, numerical models need to be verified in a wide range of engineering problems and their assumption should be clarified. This paper aims to investigate application of three dimensional numerical models in some complicated river engineering problems. To reach goals of this research, SSIIM2.0, which is a capable model of 3D flow and sediment transport, has been selected. This model was deployed for some intricate river engineering problems and its results were compared with some available experimental and field data. Results of this paper show applicability and accuracy of 3D numerical models in a wide range of river engineering problem.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_208_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_208_5959f63c1aa9556b72d0b3e8bdcca837.html
طراحی بهینه موجشکن مرکب کیسونی تحت اثر امواج غیرخطی
University of Tehran
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
2776-2476
2476-2784
2013
05
42
4
No
2013-05-05
Ali Reza Soltankouhi,Khosro Bargi
,
431
Composite Breakwater,Caisson,Nonlinear Wave,Optimization
Breakwaters are the important and the costly ones of the marine structures. Composite breakwater is one of the common types in the world. Because of the progress in marine industry in Iran in recent years, designers have noticed this structure. Because of the sensitivity of composite breakwater to environmental conditions, also construction costs, difficulty of repair and maintenance and importance of structures on and behind the breakwater, design of composite breakwater must be very accurate. Estimation of optimum dimensions of composite breakwater in different hydraulic and geotechnique conditions of sea is an important problem for engineers. In this research with regard to a nonlinear wave field in front of structure, its dimensions have been optimized in various hydraulic and geotechnique conditions. The results of this research have been expressed in some applied graphs for optimum design of composite breakwaters. By using of these graphs designer can estimate optimum dimensions of structure in various conditions. So, a noticeable reduction in costs will occur. Additionally, results of this research can be used for attentively design of these structures in different environmental conditions of sea.
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/article_209_22.html
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_209_cdfc42ae1df51b1b090db181fc4856fb.html