2017-11-22T10:52:34Z
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/?_action=export&rf=summon&issue=35
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
طراحی سیستم کنترل ABS با در نظر گرفتن کنترل حرکت کناری به روش ترکیبی PID و SMC
Reza
Kazemi
Seyyed Esma'eel
Mahmoudi Larimi
Control Systems such as Anti Lock Brake Systems (ABS) and Traction Control Systems (TCS) are vastly used in most vehicles as to enhance the safety of the systems. These systems have many virtues on controlling the dynamics of vehicles, but they only control the longitudinal dynamics of the vehicle directly and the lateral dynamics of vehicle is not controlled because they do not receive any feedback from the lateral dynamics parameters. Therefore they cannot recognize the critical situations. In the preceding essay, by implementing the rotational velocity sensors and lateral accelerometers in addition to the ABS sensors, a developed control system is designed in which lateral motion is controlled in addition to the longitudinal motion. In order to derive the control laws and measuring system's indefinite parameters, a 7-DOF model was used. The designed control system has two layers, which the upper layer is based on PID and the lower layer was designed upon the Sliding Mode Control (SMC). For measuring parameters, the least square with exponential forgetting was used. In order to verify the control system a 14-DOF model with a nonlinear tire model was used.
Vehicle
Anti Lock Brake System (ABS)
Sliding Mode Control (SMC)
Least Squares with Exponential Forgetting
2013
05
14
499
510
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_293_55bb7990f7b1901cfc07639a53fb8d00.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
بررسی فرایند نورد متقارن ورق های سه لایه با استفاده از تابع جریان و تئوری حد بالا
Ahmad
Assempour
Sa'eed
As'adi
In this paper, a mathematical model for symmetrical multi-layer sheet rolling, in which the layers are unbounded before rolling, by using the upper bound method and stream function theorem is proposed. Using this model, we can investigate the plastic deformation behavior of sheets at the roll gap during rolling. Effect of various rolling conditions such as initial and final thickness and flow stress of sheets, friction factors, rolling velocity and etc. on the rolling power and force, the thickness reduction of each layer, the relative length of plastic region in each layer and etc. are discussed. The velocity field derived from the newly proposed stream function can automatically satisfy the volume constancy and velocity boundary conditions within the roll gap. The optimized velocity fields are obtained through the minimization of total power, which is expressed by the function of five pseudo-independent parameters, during the plastic deformation. The analytical predictions from the proposed model were compared with the analytical and experimental results of other investigators and a good agreement is shown. Present model is applicable for simulating and online control applications of the rolling process of multilayer sheets.
Multi
Layer Sheets
Symmetrical rolling
Upper Bound Method
Stream Function Theorem
2013
05
14
485
497
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_294_7a38bdfed58c8a0dd08f3de2849306e4.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
تحلیل انتقال حرارت مزدوج در ناحیه طول ورودی
Hossein
Shokouhmand
Javad
Rostami
In this paper conjugated heat transfer in thermal entrance region through the sinusoidal wavy channel has been investigated. The fluid flow is assumed to be laminar, steady state, incompressible, and hydrodynamically fully developed. A constant heat flux is assumed to be applied on the outer edge of the channel wall. In this study the governing equations including continuity, momentum and energy are solved numerically by a finite volume method (SIMPLE). The flow field for different Reynolds numbers has been obtained using this flow field, pressure loss and skin friction coefficient have been calculated. Also temperature field in both solid and fluid for wide range of effective parameters in conjugated heat transfer such as Peclet number, solid-fluid conductivity ratio and solid thicknesses have been investigated. From the obtained numerical results for thermal field effects of conjugated heat transfer characteristics on fluid mean bulk temperature, solid-fluid interface temperature, solid-fluid interface heat flux and Nusselt number have been calculated. The obtained results have been compared with available numerical and experimental data and a good agreement is achieved.
Conjugated Heat Transfer
Wavy channel
Finite Volume Method
Thermal Entrance Region
2013
05
14
473
483
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_295_70392c37d08e80fcd0e841e29069839b.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
تاثیر ارتفاع در فرایند جدایش غیردائم موشکهای چند مرحلهای
Hossein
Ahmadi Kia
Ahmad Reza
Pishevar
Effect of altitude is discussed in the unsteady separation of multi stage rockets. Axisymmetric, unsteady and turbulent Navier stokes equations are solved numerically. The governing equations are split into a hyperbolic inviscid part and a parabolic diffusion part. The hyperbolic part is solved by an explicit second-order time and space of Godunov-type scheme. Moving mesh and moving boundary algorithm are used in the numerical simulation. Separation of missile staging is simulated at 10, 20, 30 and 40 kilometers altitudes, and 10 Mach number. The flow physics of injection of a secondary supersonic jet into a hypersonic turbulent primary core over a missile configuration is studied numerically. The injection occurs opposite to the free-stream direction. It is shown that the intense interactions between the jet flow and the main free-stream have a noticeable effect on the aerodynamic loads. High momentum of the jet injected to the main flow of rocket causes interaction of shock waves and consequently it changes flow pattern. The aerodynamic forces can be changed significantly by the intense jet flow interactions. The results show that drag forces of head and body of the rocket are irregularly periodical. Amplitude of drag force has been increased by altitude. At primary time of separation, rate of displacement of head and body has incredible behavior in various altitudes too.
Rocket
Multi Stage
hypersonic
TVD scheme
2013
05
14
379
389
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_296_3684d05269b1053c99d4b3e164f22682.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
آنالیزتنشهای مکانیکی و حرارتی در اسپیندل ماشینهای تراش
Ramezanali
Mahdavi Nejad
Mohammad
Gholami Nejad Saniabadi
Dimensional accuracy in machined parts depends on the precision of spindle, which is highly affected by applied forces, itself. This precision of spindle becomes more serious when it is used for a period of long times. Therefore, stress and strain analysis of spindle is very important in the behavior and preservation of its precision. In this paper, the forces applied to the spindle of a turning machine are calculated and analyzed. Afterwards, the spindle is simulated with MSC Visual Nastran software and analyzed due to the application of boundary conditions. According to the spindle’s stress and strain, the modal analysis has been done and the natural frequencies of the spindle are determined. The results show that, the front bearing of the spindle is the critical section and its stress and strain will be increased with feed and depth of cut. When these feed rates and depths of cut become less, the created stresses at the least speed of spindle are more in comparison with the other speeds.
Spindle
Turning machine
Stress
Strain
2013
05
14
525
533
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_297_bed0a8b49890df48f7b1ae74bbd6e1a8.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
تعیین نوع و زمانبندی بهینه نگهداری و تعمیرات پیشگیرانه سیستمهای چندجزیی بر اساس قابلیت اطمینان
Farhad
Kolahan
Mohammad
Doustparast
Mojtaba
Mamourian
In this research, a model for optimal PM planning based on reliability is developed and solved for multi-component systems. In the proposed model, the type of PM actions for each inspection period is determined in such manner that the total weighted related costs are minimized while a minimum required system reliability is maintained. The planning horizon is divided into some inspections intervals of equal size. In the beginning of each interval, with respect to the system constraints, one of the following PM actions is suggested for each component: 1) inspection and minimal service, 2) preventive repair and 3) preventive replacement. Each of these activities consumes different resources and has different effect on the system reliability. The PM costs include, repair cost, replacement cost, system downtime cost, and random failure cost. In the optimal PM schedule, the PM actions are determined so that a minimum required reliability is obtained with minimum total PM cost. Since the proposed model has a complex structure, Tabu Search and Simulated Annealing are employed to provide quick solutions. The efficiency of these techniques has been demonstrated by solving a PM scheduling problem for a system with 14 components.
Reliability
Preventive Maintenance
Optimization
Tabu Search
simulated annealing
2013
05
14
511
523
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_298_556ca8c5820bdd448dd2abd32383fde6.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
مقایسه نتایج حل ترموالاستیک نیمفضا میان
Mohammad
Shariyat
Ali Reza
Askari
In this paper, transfinite element method is used to analyze the two dimensional thermoelasticity problems. A comparison is made between the thermoelastic analysis results of the classical theory and theories with one or two relaxation times (i.e. L-S and G-L theories), for the half space problem. Governing equations are transformed to Laplace domain and then, node variables are calculated by the finite element method. Results are transformed to physical domain by the Laplace inverse transform. Finally, results of the three theories are compared and discussed. The obtained results reveal that the tensional stresses predicted by the classical theory for points located before the stress wavefront are higher whereas the compressive stresses predicted by L-S and G-L theories are higher for points located after the stress wavefront. Furthermore, the temperature predicted by the modern theories is higher than that of by the classical theory at the wavefornt.
Transfinite Element
Relaxation Time
Them elasticity
Thermal Stresses
2013
05
14
443
450
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_299_b0f96aa0547e8a17511560ad15302bce.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
اثر مکش بر توزیع فشار یک نیم مدل
Mohammad Reza
Soltani
Ali
Pouli Baba'ee Mamghani
Half model
Wind tunnel
Pressure distribution
boundary layer – Suction
Wake
2013
05
14
431
442
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_300_2847bb4e42bc09f50ba9722f2390f083.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
استفاده از POD در استخراج ساختارهای متجانس یک میدان آشفته آماری- همگن
Fereydoun
Sabet Ghadam
Vahid
Esfahanian
Mohammad
Eftekhari Yazdi
Capability of the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) method in extraction of the coherent structures from a spatio-temporal chaotic field is assessed in this paper. As the chaotic field, an ensemble of 40 snapshots, obtained from Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) of the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky (KS) equation, has been used. Contrary to the usual methods, where the ergodicity of the field is needed, the ensemble members are generated directly by disturbing the initial conditions in a random fashion. The POD eigenvalues and eigenmodes are extracted, using the POD/SVD technique and an ensemble averaging process is performed on the resulting modes, which are used in reconstruction of the field. The resulted mean field is compared with the Fourier mean field as well as the original (instantaneous) field. The results strictly have shown presence of non-coherent parts in the POD reconstructed field, which can be interpreted as the POD weakness in the filtering of the random part of the field. On the other hand, the ensemble averaged POD modes had obvious superiority, in comparison with the mean Fourier modes, in tracing of the mean behavior of the field and the mean temporal gradients. As a consequence, use of the ensemble averaging in the POD modes can be suggested, at least in some spatio-temporal the fields with dominant coherent structures.
Coherent structures
Spatio
temporal chaos
Singular value decomposition
Galerkin method
Proper orthogonal decomposition
Ensemble averaging
2013
05
14
401
413
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_301_2301dad6f8c345cc4e3090de425a8f9a.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
مدلی تحلیلی برای پیش بینی عمر خستگی لوله حفاری
Gholamreza
Rashed
Rahmatollah
Ghajar
Seyyed
Jalaleddin Hashemi
Drill pipe
Critical plane model
API approach
Damage parameter
Fatigue
Dog leg
2013
05
14
415
430
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_302_b3c3ab216fe741ec938222c98db7f0cd.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
مقایسه ضریب موضعی انتقال حرارت جابجایی آزاد از استوانههای افقی در ردیفهای عمودی و مایل
Mehdi
Ashja'ee
Touraj
Yousefi
Hossein
Shokouhmand
An experimental and numerical study of free convection heat transfer from a channel consisting of a vertical sinusoidal wavy surface and a vertical flat plate has been carried out. The vertical wavy surface was maintained at a constant temperature, while the flat plate is adiabatic. A Mach-Zehnder Interferometer was used to determine the local heat transfer coefficients of sinusoidal wavy surface. FLUENT code was used for numerical simulation. The numerical results are in good agreement with experimental data. The amplitude-wavelength ratio, , in this investigation is kept constant at .The effects of Rayleigh number and wall spacing are investigated as well. Experiments were carried out for eight different Rayleigh numbers and thirteen different wall spacing. Results indicate that the frequency of the local heat transfer rate is the same as that of the wavy surface. The average heat transfer coefficient increases as the Rayleigh number, increases. For each Rayleigh number there is an optimum wall spacing where the heat transfer rate from the wavy sinusoidal surface reaches its maximum value. This optimum wall spacing depends on Rayleigh number and decreases with increasing Rayleigh number.
Natural Convection – Interferometry
Wavy channel
2013
05
14
391
399
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_303_af59db1de811fe7896d31841dd653a6c.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
شبیه سازی سه بعدی فرایند اکستروژن مستقیم خارج از مرکز با روش اجزاء محدود و مقایسه با نتایج تجربی
Caren
Abrinia
Jalal
Pour Hosseini Baboddashti
In this paper the eccentric forward extrusion of sections has been simulated and analyzed using FEM Abaqus-explicit. The results have been compared to those obtained from upper bound theorem and experimental works. Close agreements was observed between the FEM and experimental work and as compared with the upper bound data more realistic and better predictions were made by the authors’ method. The sections considered in this work were circular and square shaped cross sections. Process parameters such as die length, friction factor and percentage of eccentricity have been investigated and their influence on the relative extrusion pressure and the curvature of the extruded profiles has been illustrated. The effect of die profile has also been studied and shown that a 10 percent reduction in the extrusion pressure could be achieved by using the optimum die profile.
Extrusion
Eccentric section
Finite Element
Simulation
Bilinear Profile Die
Advanced Profile Die
2013
05
14
369
377
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_304_32868884219c35be60892ce51be8e8fc.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
نقش برخی از پارامترهای مؤثر بر روی واکنش به ضربه صفحات کامپوزیتی هیبریدی هوشمند
Ali
Shokouhfar
Seyyed Mohammad Reza
Khalili
Faramarz
Ashnaye Ghasemi
In this paper, the response of hybrid composite laminate plate reinforced by the smart wires (shape memory or the SMA wires) subjected to low velocity impact is studied. The smart wires are embedded within the layers of the composite laminate. The effect of the smart wires on contact force history, and deflection of these structures is investigated. The first-order shear deformation theory as well as the Fourier series method is used to solve the governing equations of the composite plate analytically. The interaction between the impactor and the plate is modeled with the help of two degree-of-freedom system, consisting of springs-masses. The results obtained from this research were compared with some of the published papers and the accuracy of the present model is validated. The results indicated that some of the parameters like the orientation and the through thickness location of the smart wires will reduce the deflection of the structure, hence would increase the impact resistance, and the damage tolerance limit of the structure.
Impact
Composite
Smart wires
Orientation
Deflection
Damage Tolerance Limit
Springs
Masses Model
2013
05
14
459
471
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_305_e88a54564cb07759ec00e0a21a51db4b.html
Journal of Algorithms and Computation
JAC
2776-2476
2776-2476
2007
41
4
مدل سازی رفتار خستگی کامپوزیت های تک جهته کربن/اپوکسی
Mahmoud Mehrdad
Shokrieh
Fathollah
Taheri Behrouz
Polymer composites
Fatigue modeling
Energy method
Unidirectional
2013
05
14
451
457
http://jac.ut.ac.ir/pdf_306_d763f9889137209bb90514714fd219c8.html