Document Type : Research Paper



Curls and curves of a shell interweave its various strain modes and link them together. This interactional behavior has yet frustrated all attempts for the construction of shell templates, which needs for an individual element test in traditional approaches. Such a test fails to work for shell elements and must be reconstructed. In this paper, it is tried to study shell interactional behavior and strain entanglements via a microscopic investigation. This new view to the shell behavior reveals a simple method, in which shell templates are constructed by partitioning the stiffness matrix of a sample shell element into its components. Surly, sample elements have been qualified for their convergence in practice. The method is examined for axisymmetric cylindrical shell element.