One Modulo Three Geometric Mean Graphs

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Govindammal Aditanar College for Women Tiruchendur-628 215, Tamil Nadu, India.

2 Department of Mathematics Kamaraj College of Engineering and Technology Virudhunagar- 626 001, Tamil Nadu, India


A graph $G$ is said to be one modulo three geometric mean graph if there is an injective function $\phi$ from the vertex set of $G$ to the set $\{a \mid 1\leq a \leq 3q-2\} $ and either $a\equiv 0(mod 3) $ or $ a\equiv 1(mod 3)\}$ where $q$ is the number of edges of $G$ and $\phi$ induces a bijection $\phi^{*}$ form the edge set of $G$ to $\{a \mid 1\leq a\leq 3q-2 $ and $ a\equiv 1(mod3)\}$ given by $\phi^{*}(uv)=\left\lceil \sqrt{\phi(u)\phi(v)}\right\rceil$ or $\left\lfloor \sqrt{\phi(u)\phi(v)}\right\rfloor$ and the function $\phi$ is called one modulo three geometric mean labeling of $G$. In this paper, we establish that some families of graphs admit one modulo three geometric mean labeling.